In 1985, Professor Alain Cribier, the Interventional Cardiologist at the Charles Nicolle University Hospital in Rouen, France, performed the first transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure in the world. He used a PVT percutaneous heart valve without open-heart surgery. TAVI is suitable for patients with aortic valve disease such as aortic valve stenosis. Since it is a minimally invasive procedure, in comparison to open-heart surgery, the advantages of TAVI involve smaller incisions, less blood loss, reduced risk of anesthetic-related side effects, no need the connection of patient with a heart-lung bypass machine during performing surgery, a shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery time which normally requires 2-3 days for hospitalization while it takes up to 7-10 days with open-heart surgery.
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