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TAVI: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Value of Medical Technology - Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)  - YouTube

In 1985, Professor Alain Cribier, the Interventional Cardiologist at the Charles Nicolle University Hospital in Rouen, France, performed the first transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure in the world. He used a PVT percutaneous heart valve without open-heart surgery. TAVI is suitable for patients with aortic valve disease such as aortic valve stenosis. Since it is a minimally invasive procedure, in comparison to open-heart surgery, the advantages of TAVI involve smaller incisions, less blood loss, reduced risk of anesthetic-related side effects, no need the connection of patient with a heart-lung bypass machine during performing surgery, a shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery time which normally requires 2-3 days for hospitalization while it takes up to 7-10 days with open-heart surgery.

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