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Regular Exercise Is Important When You Have Heart Disease

Exercise and heart health: how to exercise if you have heart disease

When you have heart disease, exercise is an important part of keeping your condition under control. Exercise causes the heart to pump blood into the circulation more efficiently, increased perfusion of tissues and organs with blood, and increased oxygen delivery. Exercise is protective against metabolic syndrome, lowers blood pressure, works against blood clotting, and lowers stress, all of which contribute to improved cardiovascular health.​

For patients with heart disease: get yourself prepared to work out

As with anything, it is best to check with your doctor to make sure you are healthy enough to start exercising.

  •  Patients with heart condition should be assessed by heart specialists.
    • Cardiologist – evaluate heart rate and rhythm during exercise and explain signs and symptoms of the condition and complications to the patient
    • Cardiac rehabilitation doctor – design appropriate exercise program to meet your needs
  • The length of exercise should be around 30 minutes per day at least 5 days a week. It is important to warm-up before exercising and cool-down after the session. Also, the patient should find a friend to exercise with and have a telephone within reach.
  • Do not exercise right after having a meal. You should wait at least 1 ½ hour after having a meal. Do not exercise if you are not feeling well.
  • Drink enough water between and after exercising to replace the fluid you lose.
  • Choose appropriate places for exercise – good air circulation, not too hot or too cold. Wear appropriate workout clothes and footwear.
  • Bring your medication with you – nitroglycerin – to prevent angina attacks.

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